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"How to Master Advanced English Vocabulary" by Prof. Kev Nair.

Tips on English Usage from Prof. Kev Nair.

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Fluentzy.com > English > Book B3: Teaching Your Tongue & Speech Rhythm
Book B3: Teaching Your Tongue & Speech Rhythm

Teaching Your Tongue & Speech Rhythm

Teaching Your Tongue & Speech Rhythm
By Prof. Kev Nair

"Teaching Your Tongue and Speech Rhythm deals with how to train your speech organs and reach higher levels of fluency"
The New Indian Express.

Please note: This book is not sold separately. It is available for sale only as part of Fluentzy: The English Fluency Encyclopedia.

Sample pages from this book
Sample Pages
from the
Fluentzy Book Set
B1: Idea units & Fluency
B2: Speech Generation & Flow Production
B3: Teaching your Tongue & Speech Rhythm
B4: Key Speech-initiators & Speech-unit Patterns
S1: Fluency in Functional English (Vol.1)
S2: Fluency in Functional English (Vol.2)
S3: Fluency in Telephone English and Sectoral English
B5: How to Deal with Hesitation
B6: Oral Training in Fluency Vocabulary (Vol.1)
B7: Packing of Information in Speech
B8: Impromptu Speech-flow Techniques.
S4: Fluency Building and Mouth Gymnastics
S5: Fluency in speaking about people
B9: Fluency in Asking Questions
B10: Oral Training in Fluency Vocabulary (Vol.2)
B11: Fluency & Moment-to-Moment Speech-production
B12: Oral Training in Fluency Vocabulary (Vol.3)
S6: Fluency in Topicwise English (Vol.1)
S7: Fluency & Pronunciation
S8: Fluency in Topicwise English (Vol.2)

English Fluency Lexicons by
Prof. Kev Nair
The Complete Fluency Words
A Dictionary of
Fluency Word Clusters

A Dictionary of
Essential Fluency Phrases

A Dictionary of
Active Fluency Combinations

Comprehensive Adjectival Fluency Dictionary
Prof. Kev Nair's Narrative Fluency Dictionary Narrative Fluency Dictionary
Core Fluency Thesaurus
of Phrasal Verbs

of Descriptive English


'Teaching' your 'tongue'

There are certain principles of the English language that you'll have to teach your tongue (and other organs of speech). These are principles that'll help you 'describe' your ideas in English. So let's call them "principles of description". Of course, these are elementary principles. And you know them all. But does your tongue know them?

Mind you, there's one thing about a language you aren't fluent in. You may know several words and principles in that language. But not your tongue! That's why many people can't speak fluent English - even after years of experience in written English. Of course, even a X-standard student would have learnt the principles we're going to look at. But experience has shown one thing: When they try to say more than two or three idea units at a stretch, even post-graduates get mixed up about these principles. And, in their confusion, they falter.

Of course, when they limit themselves to one or two idea units, these problems may not happen. But when they try to go beyond that and try to speak continuously, then the trouble begins. This is not because they haven't got the principles straight. This is because their tongues haven't got the principles straight.

Important Principles of description
Descriptive principle 1
There are certain function words in English that always keep company with one another. Here they are, classed into six groups:

(a) I/We/You/They/Plural (people or things) + don't... (NOT "doesn't")

That is, you should only say "I don't...", "We don't...", "You don't...", "They don't...", "Apples don't...", etc., and not "I doesn't...", "We doesn't...", "You doesn't...", "They doesn't...", "Apples doesn't...", etc.

(b) He/She/It/Singulars (A person or thing) + doesn't... (NOT "don't")

That is, you should only say "He doesn't...", "She doesn't...", "It doesn't...", "An apple doesn't...", etc., and not "He don't...", "She don't...", "It don't...", "An apple don't...", etc.

(c) All the words at (a) & (b) above: I/We/You/They/Plural (people or things)/He/She/It/Singulars (A person or thing) + didn't...

That is, you can say "I didn't...", "We didn't...", "You didn't...", "They didn't...", "Apples didn't...", etc., and "He didn't...", "She didn't...", "It didn't...", "An apple didn't...", etc.

(d) I/We/You/They/Plural (people or things) + have... /haven't... (NOT 'has' or 'hasn't')

That is, you should only say "I have/haven't...", "We have/haven't...", "You have/haven't...", "They have/haven't...", "Apples have/haven't...", etc., and not "I has/hasn't...", "We has/hasn't...", "You has/hasn't...", "They has/hasn't...", "Apples has/hasn't...", etc.

(e) He/She/It/Singulars (A person or thing) + has... /hasn't... (NOT 'have' or 'haven't')

That is, you should only say "He has/hasn't...", "She has/hasn't...", "It has/hasn't...", "An apple has/hasn't...", etc., and not "He have/haven't...", "She have/haven't...", "It have/haven't...", "An apple have/haven't...", etc.

(f) All the words at (d) & (e) above: I/We/You/They/Plural (people or things)/He/She/It/Singulars (A person or thing) + had... /hadn't...

That is, you can say "I had/hadn't...", "We had/hadn't...", "You had/hadn't ...", "They had/hadn't...", "Apples had/hadn't...", etc., and "He had/hadn't...", "She had/hadn't...", "It had/hadn't...", "An apple had/hadn't...", etc.

Descriptive principle 2
After "didn't", you should only use the basic form (= infinitive) of verbs, and not past tense forms. That is, you should say:

• I didn't know. • He didn't like it. • She didn't speak French. • It didn't happen often. • We didn't buy things from them. • They didn't worry about things like that. • The car didn't start.

You shouldn't say :

• I didn't knew. • He didn't liked it. • She didn't spoke French. • It didn't happened often. • We didn't bought things from them. • They didn't worried about things like that. • The car didn't started.

The same rule applies to "doesn't" and "don't" also. That is, you should say:

• I don't know. • He doesn't like it. • She doesn't speak French. • It doesn't happen often. • We don't buy things from them. • They don't worry about things like that. • The car doesn't start.

You shouldn't say:

• I don't knew. • He doesn't liked it. • She doesn't spoke French. • It doesn't happened often. • We don't bought things from them. • They don't worried about things like that. • The car doesn't started.

Descriptive principle 3
After "has", "hasn't", "haven't", "had", and "hadn't", you should only use past participles, and not past tense forms or the basic forms (infinitive). That is, you should say :

• I have/haven't forgotten it. • I had/hadn't done it. • He has/hasn't seen it. • He had/hadn't stolen it. • She has/hasn't written it down. • She had/hadn't hidden it from them. • We have/haven't given it to them. • We had/hadn't eaten it. • They have/haven't spoken to her. • They had/hadn't taken it away. • The show has/hasn't begun. • The show had/hadn't begun.

You shouldn't say :

• I have/haven't forgot it. • I had/hadn't did it. • He has/hasn't saw it. • He had/hadn't stole it. • She has/hasn't wrote it down. • She had/hadn't hid it from them. • We have/haven't gave it to them. • We had/hadn't ate it. • They have/haven't spoke to her. • They had/hadn't took it away. • The show has/hasn't began. • The show had/hadn't began.

The way to teach your tongue
Now understand one thing: There is no use in learning to repeat these principles by heart. The thing you must do now is this: You must get your tongue to 'learn' them. In other words, you must 'teach' your tongue.

This can only be done if you give 'training' to your tongue. That is, you must get your tongue into the habit of saying “don't” along with 'I', “doesn't” along with 'he', “has” along with 'she', etc. This can easily be done through the following kinds of practice:

Drill 1
Look at descriptive principle no. 1 (page 5).

• Say “I don't …”, “We don't…”, etc. — ALOUD.
• Say “He doesn't…”, “She doesn't…”, etc.— ALOUD.
• Say “I didn't…”, “We didn't…”, etc.— ALOUD.
• Say “I have…”, “I haven't…”, etc.— ALOUD.
• Say “He has…”, “He hasn't…”, etc.— ALOUD.
• Say “I had…”, “I hadn't…”, etc.— ALOUD.

NOTE: Repeat each several times. Of course, you know these rules. Still you must carry out this drill. Remember this: The purpose of this drill is to get your tongue and other organs of speech to get into the habit of associating certain words together.


End of sample content




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