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"How to Master Advanced English Vocabulary" by Prof. Kev Nair.

Tips on English Usage from Prof. Kev Nair.

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Fluentzy.com > English > Book B10: Oral Training in Fluency Vocabulary (Part - II)
  
 
Book B10: Oral training
in fluency vocabulary (Part - II)

Oral training in fluency vocabulary (Part - II)

Oral training in fluency vocabulary (Part - II)
By Prof. Kev Nair

"Oral Training in Fluency Vocabulary comes in three volumes. They concentrate on training you thoroughly in techniques of vocabulary-manipulation during spontaneous speech production. "
The New Indian Express.

Please note: This book is not sold separately. It is available for sale only as part of Fluentzy: The English Fluency Encyclopedia.


Sample pages from this book
Sample Pages
from the
Fluentzy Book Set
B1: Idea units & Fluency
B2: Speech Generation & Flow Production
B3: Teaching your Tongue & Speech Rhythm
B4: Key Speech-initiators & Speech-unit Patterns
S1: Fluency in Functional English (Vol.1)
S2: Fluency in Functional English (Vol.2)
S3: Fluency in Telephone English and Sectoral English
B5: How to Deal with Hesitation
B6: Oral Training in Fluency Vocabulary (Vol.1)
B7: Packing of Information in Speech
B8: Impromptu Speech-flow Techniques.
S4: Fluency Building and Mouth Gymnastics
S5: Fluency in speaking about people
B9: Fluency in Asking Questions
B10: Oral Training in Fluency Vocabulary (Vol.2)
B11: Fluency & Moment-to-Moment Speech-production
B12: Oral Training in Fluency Vocabulary (Vol.3)
S6: Fluency in Topicwise English (Vol.1)
S7: Fluency & Pronunciation
S8: Fluency in Topicwise English (Vol.2)


English Fluency Lexicons by
Prof. Kev Nair
The Complete Fluency Words
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A Dictionary of
Fluency Word Clusters

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A Dictionary of
Essential Fluency Phrases

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A Dictionary of
Active Fluency Combinations

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Comprehensive Adjectival Fluency Dictionary
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Prof. Kev Nair's Narrative Fluency Dictionary Narrative Fluency Dictionary
Details...
Core Fluency Thesaurus
Details...
Thesaurus
of Phrasal Verbs

Details...
Thesaurus
of Descriptive English

Details...




Reply Expressions

Have you noticed one thing from your own experience? Have you noticed that the most difficult part in giving a reply is to start the reply? When somebody asks you a question, do you get the feeling that you have a lump in your throat? A tight feeling in your throat, preventing the reply from coming out? Often, the reply just doesn’t start coming out. Most non-fluent people have this problem.

To overcome this problem, this is what you must do:

You see, there are certain prefabricated-sort-of response-initiator word groups — word groups that would help you start your reply. Sometimes, these expressions alone would be enough for a complete reply. At other times, these expressions would help you to avoid a lump getting formed in your throat, and to start your reply. You have to get into the habit of starting your replies with an expression of this kind.

Once you get started, your general training would come to your help — the training you get through the other Lessons in this course. So the thing you should do now is to get to know closely the frequently-occurring types of response-initiator word groups. You’ll find these expressions against the letter ‘Y’ under the following heading (‘Prompt-response practice’). Pay particular attention to them.

Prompt-response practice
You’ll find below a series of prompts and responses. Most of the prompts are questions made up of the “question-initiator word groups” you saw in Book 9.

Repeat each prompt (‘X’) and each response (‘Y’) several times — ALOUD.

• X: Will they be angry with me? ~ Y: I think so, yes. • X: Have they left the office? ~ Y: No, I don’t think so. • X: Won’t he be busy now? ~ Y: Yes, I think so. • X: What does it cost? ~ Y: Let’s find out. • X: Will she come here today? ~ Y: Yes, she will. • X: When does she go to bed everyday? ~ Y: Quite early. • X: How does it concern you? ~ Y: It doesn’t. • X: Aren’t you the daughter of our Principal? ~ Y: Yes, I am. • X: Did he bring the books? ~ Y: Yes, he did. • X: Has she managed to get a camera? ~ Y: Yes, she has. • X: What were they telling you? ~ Y: Nothing. Nothing important anyway. • X: Should we be punctual? ~ Y: You had better. • X: Can you come a little early? ~ Y: I’m sorry, I can’t. • X: Why did they leave so early? ~ Y: I have no idea. • X: How far will this train go? ~ Y: As far as Hyderabad. • X: Hasn’t he been away on a tour? ~ Y: Yes, he has. • X: Why can’t he come here more often? ~ Y: I’m afraid I don’t know. • X: What did you do that for? ~ Y: Just to scare the children. • X: Who did I talk to yesterday? ~ Y: To me. • X: Can they be a little more strict with the children? ~ Y: I’ll ask them. • X: Why did David borrow money? ~ Y: I don’t know. Please tell me. • X: What is the name of the baby? ~ Y: We’ll have to ask someone. • X: Wasn’t she a little rude to him? ~ Y: Yes, she was. • X: Would you like to have a cup of tea? ~ Y: No, thank you. • X: Can they come here right over? ~ Y: No, they can’t. • X: What can it be used for? ~ Y: For washing clothes. • X: What did you have for breakfast? ~ Y: Nothing much. • X: Will they be asking for the payment? ~ Y: No, they won’t. • X: What was he doing there? ~ Y: Eating food. • X: When do they have breakfast everyday? ~ Y: You’ll have to ask them. • X: Should he be experienced in your line? ~ Y: Yes, he should. • X: What vegetable do we get most protein from? ~ Y: I don’t quite know. • X: Have you a match to light a cigarette? ~ Y: No, I haven’t. • X: Were they waiting for long? ~ Y: Yes, they were. • X: What are you doing for your headache? ~ Y: I’m taking tablets. • X: Has Simon been sleeping long? ~ Y: Yes, he has. • X: How much should I pay for these fruits? ~ Y: Ten rupees altogether. • X: Which one do you prefer — the red one or the yellow one? ~ Y: Neither. • X: Who’s that man standing there? ~ Y: I’m not sure who he is. • X: Do you know what the punishment for late-coming is? ~ Y: I really wonder what. • X: How often does he go for films? ~ Y: Not very often. • X: What is the best way to the zoo? ~ Y: I’m out of this place myself. • X: Are your friends going home this weekend? ~ Y: No, They aren’t. • X: Is there a restaurant anywhere near here? ~ Y: There’s one a kilometre to the south. • X: What road is the hotel on? ~ Y: I don’t know what road. • X: Did it take him long to get back? ~ Y: No, not very long. • X: Weren’t you supposed to send a report? ~ Y: Sorry, I didn’t know that. • X: Why did you have to leave so early? ~ Y: Because I had some private work to do. • X: What size shoes does he wear? ~ Y: I’m afraid I don’t know. • X: Haven’t you heard what happened? ~ Y: No, what did happen? • X: What should they have done to escape punishment? ~ Y: Ask someone else. • X: What has he been complaining to you about? ~ Y: About the way those boxes were unloaded from the trucks. • X: Does he have to put in a written complaint? ~ Y: No, he doesn’t. • X: What sort of a trick did he play? ~ Y: A nasty trick. • X: How long is the journey from here to Chicago? ~ Y: Just about ten hours. • X: Does John usually carry your bags? ~ Y: No, he doesn’t. • X: How much are these oranges? ~ Y: Ten rupees a dozen.

X: Did you have trouble finding this address? ~ Y: Just a little. • X: Why didn’t she marry him? ~ Y: No one can explain. • X: Which one are you going to select? ~ Y: I can’t decide. • X: What do I have to do to help him? ~ Y: I really can’t say. • X: Who did he meet there? ~ Y: I’m sorry I didn’t hear you. • X: Are there any samples left? ~ Y: No, no more samples. • X: Will there be any deduction? ~ Y: Sorry, there won’t be. • X: Which one did they like best? ~ Y: I can’t tell. • X: Isn’t he showing off too much lately? ~ Y: I think so, too. • X: Have you ever seen a better film? ~ Y: It’s difficult to say. • X: Why weren’t you getting her the things she wanted? ~ Y: You’d like to know, wouldn’t you? • X: Does he get up early? ~ Y: Yes, he does. • X: Couldn’t he be doing this just to fool you? ~ Y: Yes, he could. • X: Weren’t you well yesterday? ~ Y: No, I wasn’t. • X: Which will you give me — the one in the right hand or the one in the left hand? ~ Y: The one in the left hand. • X: Should I be more strict with the children? ~ Y: Yes, you should. • X: Has John come back from the office? ~ Y: I hope so. • X: Why should she get upset over such a minor thing? ~ Y: I wonder why. • X: How much did you pay for the bag? ~ Y: I don’t remember. • X: Were father and mother here yesterday? ~ Y: Yes, they were. • X: Are all the staff in the office against you? ~ Y: No, only a few of them. • X: What time do you get up in the morning? ~ Y: Sometimes quite early, and sometimes quite late. • X: Do you want to come with me? ~ Y: No, thank you. • X: Could they be planning to strike work tomorrow? ~ Y: I’m afraid they could be. • X: What did she pick up from there? ~ Y: We know what. • X: What do you plan to do during the summer holidays? ~ Y: I haven’t decided yet. • X: Do we have time for coffee before the film begins? ~ Y: I’m afraid not. • X: What will it look like if nobody goes for the party? ~ Y: He’ll think everyone has ganged up against him.

• X: Have your father and mother been away long? ~ Y: Not very long. • X: Where will they stay if they come? ~ Y: With you; where else? • X: How did he do in the last examination? ~ Y: Quite well. • X: Where have they been all these days? ~ Y: They alone know where. • X: Do Mary and Minu have raincoats? ~ Y: Who knows! • X: Did you like the film? ~ Y: No, I didn’t. • X: How soon will the rains come? ~ Y: In a month or two. • X: Who did they laugh at? ~ Y: I don’t know who. • X: Why wasn’t anyone friendly with him? ~ Y: Because he was rude. • X: Can I show you a trick? ~ Y: What trick? • X: Should the man be asked to go away? ~ Y: You decide. • X: What should it cost according to you? ~ Y: Far less. • X: Haven’t you been going there frequently? ~ Y: Yes, I have. • X: Which one of these is the best? ~ Y: The one lying on the top. • X: Can you tell me how I can get to this address? ~ Y: Ask someone else, please. • X: Who is the officer-in-charge here? ~ Y: The one who is sitting there. • X: Didn’t I warn you not to fight with him? ~ Y: You did. • X: How can I start this engine? ~ Y: Press this button. • X: Do you often come here? ~ Y: No, only seldom. • X: Are short people taken in the army? ~ Y: I don’t quite know. • X: Will Mary and you be at the party today? ~ Y: Can’t say. • X: Where do you get vegetables from? ~ Y: From the market. • X: How large is your bedroom? ~ Y: Not very large. • X: Should she be where others would see her or behind the curtain? ~ Y: Behind the curtain. • X: How much will it cost to have this shoe mended? ~ Y: Fifty rupees. • X: What did he do when the plane landed? ~ Y: I wasn’t there. • X: Don’t you care for mutton chops? ~ Y: No, I don’t. • X: How long ago did his grandfather die? ~ Y: I don’t know exactly.

• X: How old are you? ~ Y: Twenty years. • X: Who is this little boy with you? ~ Y: My nephew. • X: Where has Priya been studying all these years? ~ Y: Somewhere outside. • X: Have you and your friends taken exercise today? ~ Y: Yes, we have. • X: Do you have to take a lot of exercise to keep fit? ~ Y: Yes, they say so. • X: How far is Calcutta from here? ~ Y: Very far. • X: How often are there trains to Calcutta? ~ Y: Everyday, there’s a train. • X: Can I show you some magic? ~ Y: That’d be fine. • X: Isn’t it wonderful to have such good friends? ~ Y: Really it is. • X: How will you get to the station from here? ~ Y: I’ll get a taxi, I guess. • X: Where are you staying tonight? ~ Y: In a hotel. • X: Have you ever been to this place before now? ~ Y: No, this is the first time. • X: Are you a salesman? ~ Y: No. • X: Could you spare some money for a week? ~ Y: I’m indeed sorry. • X: Do you want anything else? ~ Y: No. These are about all, I guess. • X: What did he want? ~ Y: You know it, don’t you? • X: Have you got a few minutes to spare? ~ Y: Certainly, please come in. • X: Are you going to the cinema? ~ Y: No. Not really. • X: Who will be the Home Secretary next? ~ Y: Who knows!. • X: Has Dad ever scolded him? ~ Y: No. That’s the trouble. • X: Do you like being scolded? ~ Y: No, of course not. • X: Did she have to give him a beating? ~ Y: No. He told the truth when he got a good scolding.
X: Did he have to pay for the seat? ~ Y: It doesn’t seem so. • X: Did Gita have to take a plane to reach there early? ~ Y: It looks like it. • X: How many students are there in your school? ~ Y: I’m not sure just how many. • X: Hasn’t he repaid the loan? ~ Y: He probably has. • X: What places have you visited so far? ~ Y: Just a few. • X: Did your brother bring you any present? ~ Y: Yes, he did. • X: How much did you draw from the bank? ~ Y: You’d like to know, wouldn’t you? • X: Do you prefer tea with sugar or without? ~ Y: With sugar, and plenty of it. • X: Are you sure today is Thursday? ~ Y: Well, the calendar says so. • X: How old is your father? ~ Y: Not very old. • X: Did you have a nice time at the party? ~ Y: Yes, I had a wonderful time. • X: Do you often go to restaurants? ~ Y: Not often, but on occasion. • X: When should she serve coffee? ~ Y: A little later. • X: Did it take him long to come back from the shop? ~ Y: Yes it did. I was wondering what kept him so long. • X: Why weren’t you angry with him? ~ Y: Because it’d do no good. • X: Can you tell me all these things in French? ~ Y: I’ll try to. • X: What time does he leave for the office? ~ Y: By about eight. • X: Have you ever been to the department store? ~ Y: Yes, why? • X: Did the workers strike work today? ~ Y: No. The dispute was settled yesterday. • X: What is wrong with this report? ~ Y: Everything. Take a look at it. • X: Doesn’t Mary come here any more? ~ Y: No, she doesn’t. • X: Would you like to go for a film? ~ Y: That’d be fine. • X: How was the film? ~ Y: Not very good. • X: Do you think we’ll be late for the film? ~ Y: No, there’s plenty of time. • X: Does he always find fault with everything you do? ~ Y: Yes, he does. • X: Hadn’t we better stay away from that area? ~ Y: Yes, we had. It’s quite unsafe. • X: Who did she go to the park with? ~ Y: With a friend of hers. • X: What are they supposed to do when a customer comes in? ~ Y: Give him service. • X: How long ago did he borrow the money from you? ~ Y: Five or six months ago. • X: Are you having a headache? ~ Y: Yes, I am. • X: What hotel is the best hotel here? ~ Y: That’s difficult to say. • X: What school is nearer to her house? ~ Y: I don’t remember its name.

 

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